Understanding all about tyres is not something the average person will do. For most people, the tyres are simply there to help your vehicle get from one place to another and nothing more. However, familiarizing yourself with some of the terms that are involved with tyres and tyre use can be a big help to you, especially when you find you are in need of new ones.

  • Tyres – The objects that help keep your vehicle safely on the road by giving you the needed traction on the road surface throughout the year, your tyres also help to absorb the shock of the roadway. The tyres are constructed primarily of rubber, fabric, metal and chemicals.
  • Tyre Tread – The tread is the part of the tyre that is going to come in contact with the road as you drive.
  • Tyre Size – There are various tyre sizes available and your vehicle will have a specific size designed to work best for your vehicle. You can find the tyre size printed on the tyre itself or in your owner’s manual.
  • Tread Width – the width of the tread is the portion of the tyre that is covered by the pattern of the tread of your tyres.
  • Load Index – The load index is the code of your tyres that lets you know what the maximum weight that your tyres can handle is.
  • Aspect Ratio – Printed on the sidewall of a tyre, this ration lets you know the tyre’s height in relation to the width of the tyre.
  • Speed Rating – The rating for your tyres that states what the maximum speed limit is for your tyres so you know what you can safely drive at.
  • Air Pressure – The amount of air that is inside your tyre is the air pressure. Keeping your tyres at the proper air pressure is important in order to get the best wear and use from your tyres and it should be checked regularly.
  • Under Inflation – Your tyres are underinflated when they have less than the recommended level of air pressure. This can cause your vehicle to driver improperly and give you poorer gas mileage.
  • Over Inflation – When you have too much air pressure in your tyres, they are over inflated. This runs the risk of your tyres not performing as well as they should and puts them at risk for breaking.
  • Aquaplaning – When a layer of water builds up between the surface of your tyres and the surface of the road, you are at risk for sliding on the water, making your vehicle spin.
  • Run-Flat Tyres – These are tyres that are designed to allow you to drive for a short distance safely even after the tyre has experienced some type of puncture.
  • All-Season Tyres – These tyres are designed with a special compound that makes them ideal for use in both the summer and winter months.
  • Reinforced Tyres – Tyres that have been made with a sidewalls that have been strengthened so that they are made to handle heavier loads and stress.